• Transparent loudspeakers and MICs that let your skin play music
    An international team of researchers has presented an innovative wearable technology that will turn your skin into a loudspeaker.
  • Hardwired for laziness? Tests show the human brain must work hard to avoid sloth
    Society has encouraged people to be more physically active, yet we are actually becoming less active. This new study offers a possible explanation: Our brains may be innately attracted to sedentary behavior. Electroencephalograms showed that test subjects had to summon extra brain resources when trying to avoid physical inactivity.
  • Magellanic Clouds duo may have been a trio
    Two of the closest galaxies to the Milky Way -- the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds -- may have had a third companion, astronomers believe. New research describes how another 'luminous' galaxy was likely engulfed by the Large Magellanic Cloud some three to five billion years ago.
  • Hardwired for laziness? Tests show the human brain must work hard to avoid sloth
    Society has encouraged people to be more physically active, yet we are actually becoming less active. This new study offers a possible explanation: Our brains may be innately attracted to sedentary behavior. Electroencephalograms showed that test subjects had to summon extra brain resources when trying to avoid physical inactivity.
  • More ships and more clouds mean cooling in the arctic
    Researchers recently modeled the future of trans-Arctic shipping routes and found that the accompanying increase in emissions may offset some of the overall warming trend in that region. Though the researchers stress this is in no way an endorsement to trans-Arctic shipping or a means to mitigate climate change, the results illustrate the complexities in understanding how human activities impact the climate.
  • Micronizing ocean plastics threaten sea turtle populations, ocean life cycle
    Ingestion of degrading ocean plastics likely poses a substantial risk to the survival of post-hatchling sea turtles because the particles can lead to blockages and nutritional deficiencies, according to new research.
  • Never-before-seen features found around a neutron star
    An unusual infrared light emission from a nearby neutron star detected by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope could indicate new features never before seen.
  • Scientists determine four personality types based on new data
    Researchers have sifted through data from more than 1.5 million questionnaire respondents and found at least four distinct clusters of personality types exist: average, reserved, self-centered and role model. They are based on the five widely accepted basic personality traits: neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. The findings challenge existing paradigms in psychology and potentially could be of interest to hiring managers and mental health care providers.
  • We are predisposed to forgive, new research suggests
    New research finds that when assessing the moral character of others, people cling to good impressions but readily adjust their opinions about those who have behaved badly.
  • Large-scale shift causing lower-oxygen water to invade Canada's Gulf of St. Lawrence
    Rapid deoxygenation in the Gulf of the St. Lawrence is caused by shifts in two of the ocean's most powerful currents: the Gulf Stream and the Labrador Current. A detailed model shows that large-scale climate change is causing oxygen to drop in the deeper parts of this biologically rich waterway.
  • Earth's oldest animals formed complex ecological communities
    Ediacara biota were forming complex communities tens of millions of years before the Cambrian explosion.
  • Multi-joint, personalized soft exosuit breaks new ground
    In the future, smart textile-based soft robotic exosuits could be worn by soldiers, fire fighters and rescue workers to help them traverse difficult terrain and arrive fresh at their destinations so that they can perform their respective tasks more effectively. They could also become a powerful means to enhance mobility and quality of living for people suffering from neurodegenerative disorders and for the elderly.
  • Witnessing violence in high school as bad as being bullied
    Over the long term, being a bystander of high-school violence can be as damaging to mental health as being directly bullied, a new study finds.
  • Household cleaning products may contribute to kids' overweight by altering their gut microbiota
    Commonly used household cleaners could be making children overweight by altering their gut microbiota, suggests a new study.
  • Daily low-dose aspirin found to have no effect on healthy life span in older people
    In a clinical trial to determine the effects of daily low-dose aspirin in healthy older adults without previous cardiovascular events, aspirin did not prolong healthy, independent living free of dementia or physical disability.
  • 'Optical rocket' created with intense laser light
    An experiment has demonstrated how the application of intense light boosts electrons to their highest attainable speeds.
  • BPA exposure in US-approved levels may alter insulin response in non-diabetic adults
    In a first study of its kind study, researchers have found that a common chemical consumers are exposed to several times a day may be altering insulin release. Results of the study indicate that the Food and Drug Administration-approved 'safe' daily exposure amount of BPA may be enough to have implications for the development of Type 2 diabetes and other metabolic diseases.
  • Geologists reveal ancient connection between England and France
    The British mainland was formed from the collision of not two, but three ancient continental land masses, according to new research.
  • Famous theory of the living Earth upgraded to 'Gaia 2.0'
    A new twist has been given to the 'Gaia' theory that aims to explain why conditions on Earth have remained stable enough for life to evolve over billions of years.
  • Blazes of light reveal how plants signal danger long distances
    Botonists reveal reveal how glutamate, an abundant neurotransmitter in animals, activates a wave of calcium when a plant is wounded -- the best look yet at the communication systems within plants that are normally hidden from view.
  • Novel flying robot mimics rapid insect flight
    A novel insect-inspired flying robot, developed by TU Delft researchers from the Micro Air Vehicle Laboratory (MAVLab), is presented in Science. Experiments with this first autonomous, free-flying and agile flapping-wing robot -- carried out in collaboration with Wageningen University & Research - improved our understanding of how fruit flies control aggressive escape maneuvers. Apart from its further potential in insect flight research, the robot's exceptional flight qualities open up new drone applications.
  • BPA replacements in plastics cause reproductive problems in lab mice
    Twenty years ago, researchers made the accidental discovery that BPA had leached out of plastic cages used to house female mice in the lab, causing an increase in chromosomally abnormal eggs. Now, the same team is back to report that the array of alternative bisphenols now used to replace BPA in BPA-free bottles, cups, cages, and other items appear to come with similar problems for their mice.
  • People show confirmation bias even about which way dots are moving
    People have a tendency to interpret new information in a way that supports their pre-existing beliefs, a phenomenon known as confirmation bias. Now, researchers have shown that people will do the same thing even when the decision they've made pertains to a choice that is rather less consequential: which direction a series of dots is moving and whether the average of a series of numbers is greater or less than 50.
  • Eyes have a natural version of night vision
    To see under starlight and moonlight, the retina of the eye changes both the software and hardware of its light-sensing cells to create a kind of night vision. Retinal circuits that were thought to be unchanging and programmed for specific tasks actively adapt to different light conditions, say the scientists who made the discovery.
  • New means to fight 'un-killable' bacteria in healthcare settings
    Scientists have identified new means of fighting drug-tolerant bacteria, a growing global threat as menacing as drug-resistant microbes. Little is known about the mechanisms leading to tolerance, a strategy that makes bacteria 'indifferent' to antibiotics and almost 'un-killable,' which results in chronic infections extremely difficult to treat and cure.
  • Appetite for shark fin soup serious risk to threatened sharks
    Fishing pressure on threatened shark populations has increased dramatically in recent years and it is urgent that consumers reject shark fin products altogether, new study asserts.
  • Heat-related deaths likely to increase significantly as global temperatures rise, warn researchers
    In a new article, experts argue that the world needs to keep global temperatures in check by meeting the goals set out in the Paris Agreement, or more people could die because of extreme temperatures.
  • Ancient bird bones redate human activity in Madagascar by 6,000 years
    Analysis of bones, from what was once the world's largest bird, has revealed that humans arrived on the tropical island of Madagascar more than 6,000 years earlier than previously thought.
  • Wild animals were routinely captured and traded in ancient Mesoamerica
    New evidence from the Maya city of Copan, in Honduras, reveals that ancient Mesoamericans routinely captured and traded wild animals for symbolic and ritual purposes, according to a new study.
  • Sugar pills relieve pain for chronic pain patients
    Someday doctors may prescribe sugar pills for certain chronic pain patients based on their brain anatomy and psychology. And the pills will reduce their pain as effectively as any powerful drug on the market, according to new research. Scientists have shown they can reliably predict which chronic pain patients will respond to a sugar placebo pill based on the patients' brain anatomy and psychological characteristics.
  • Quantum-level control of an exotic topological quantum magnet
    Physicists have discovered a novel quantum state of matter whose symmetry can be manipulated at will by an external magnetic field. The methods demonstrated in a series of experiments could be useful for exploring materials for next-generation nano- or quantum technologies.
  • Discovery of the earliest drawing
    The oldest known abstract drawing has been found in South Africa's Blombos Cave -- on the face of a flake of siliceous rock retrieved from archaeological strata dated to 73,000 years before the present. The work is at least 30,000 years older than the earliest previously known abstract and figurative drawings.
  • We may hear others' footsteps, but how do we ignore our own?
    A team of scientists has uncovered the neural processes mice use to ignore their own footsteps, a discovery that offers new insights into how we learn to speak and play music.
  • Halting biodiversity loss: Political actions are required, not additional scientific knowledge
    Over 15 years, almost 13,000 scientific papers have been published in the leading conservation science journals. Yet biodiversity remains threatened at a global scale. Researchers have now focused on this worrisome paradox by taking a deeper look at this large volume of literature. One of the major problems is that decisions are usually more favorable to human activities than to nature protection.
  • Thousands of breast cancer gene variants engineered and analyzed
    A scientific analysis of nearly 4,000 mutations deliberately engineered into the BRCA1 gene will immediately benefit people undergoing genetic testing for breast or ovarian cancer risk. Many people obtaining genetic screenings previoulsy have learned that their BRCA1 gene contains a variant of uncertain significance. Data from this study now categorizes thousands of variants as behaving like disease mutations or not, providing new information important for medical care decisions.
  • Gut bacteria's shocking secret: They produce electricity
    To date, most electricity-generating bacteria have come from weird environments, but researchers have found more than 100 in the human microbiome, both pathogenic and probiotic. They were unsuspected because they employ a different and simpler extracellular electron transfer system, which may prove useful in creating bacterial batteries. Their electrogenic ability may be important in infectivity, or in how they ferment cheese and yogurt.
  • Turtle species in serious decline: Broad ecological impacts
    About 61 percent of the world's 356 turtle species are threatened or already extinct, and the decline could have ecological consequences, according to a new study.
  • Discovery of new neurons in the inner ear can lead to new therapies for hearing disorders
    Researchers have identified four types of neurons in the peripheral auditory system, three of which are new to science. The analysis of these cells can lead to new therapies for various kinds of hearing disorders, such as tinnitus and age-related hearing loss.
  • Astronomers witness birth of new star from stellar explosion
    Astronomers have observed a new phenomena in the aftermath of a stellar explosion.
  • Fighting the cold virus and other threats, body makes trade-off, says study
    A research team has revealed how cells in different parts of the human airway vary in their response to the common cold virus. Their finding could help solve the mystery of why some people exposed to the cold virus get ill while others don't, said the researchers.
  • Pain response in babies' brains controlled in 'similar way to adults'
    Researchers have identified the neural network that helps control babies' brain activity in response to pain in a similar way to adults. Their findings build on their previous study from 2015, which revealed that newborns experience pain like adults.
  • Breakthrough opens door to smartphone-powered $100 ultrasound machine
    Engineers have developed a new ultrasound transducer, or probe, that could dramatically lower the cost of ultrasound scanners to as little as $100. Their patent-pending innovation -- no bigger than a Band-Aid -- is portable, wearable and can be powered by a smartphone.
  • New color-generation mechanism discovered in 'rainbow' weevil
    Researchers have discovered a novel color-generation mechanism in nature, which if harnessed, has the potential to create cosmetics and paints with purer and more vivid hues, screen displays that project the same true image when viewed from any angle, and even reduce the signal loss in optical fibers.
  • Finding Nemo's genes
    An international team of researchers has mapped Nemo's genome, providing the research community with an invaluable resource to decode the response of fish to environmental changes, including climate change.
  • Beyond deep fakes: Transforming video content into another video's style, automatically
    Researchers have devised a way to automatically transform the content of one video into the style of another, making it possible to transfer the facial expressions of comedian John Oliver to those of a cartoon character, or to make a daffodil bloom in much the same way a hibiscus would.
  • Analyzing roadside dust to identify potential health concerns
    Findings from studies of traffic-related abrasion particles point to tires, brake pads, and road materials as significant sources of environmental pollution with potential health implications.
  • Three new species of fish discovered in the extreme depths of the Pacific Ocean
    An exploration to one of the deepest places on earth has captured rare footage of what is believed to be three new species of the elusive snailfish.
  • Warming: Peatlands will store more carbon initially, but that will change
    Peatlands are extremely effective at storing carbon, but an international study has found climate change could stop that. The group investigated how peatlands - swamps and bogs with organic rich soils - have responded to climate variability between 850 BCE and 1850 CE.
  • Large trucks are biggest culprits of near-road air pollution
    A new study reveals large diesel trucks to be the greatest contributors to harmful black carbon emissions close to major roadways, indicating that vehicle types matter more than traffic volume for near-road air pollution.
  • Evidence of early planetary shake-up
    Scientists have studied an unusual pair of asteroids and discovered that their existence points to an early planetary rearrangement in our solar system.
  • Global warming pushing alpine species higher and higher
    For every one-degree-Celsius increase in temperature, mountaintop species shift upslope 100 meters, shrinking their inhabited area and resulting in dramatic population declines, new research by zoologists has found. The study analyzed shifts in elevation range in 975 populations of plants, insects and animals.
  • Robot can pick up any object after inspecting it
    Robots could one day be able to 'see' well enough to be in people's homes and offices.
  • Single molecule control for a millionth of a billionth of a second
    Physicists have discovered how to manipulate and control individual molecules for a millionth of a billionth of a second, after being intrigued by some seemingly odd results.
  • A study of ants provides information on the evolution of social insects
    A major characteristic of so-called eusocial species is the division of labor between queens that lay eggs and workers that take care of the brood and perform other tasks. But what is it that determines that a queen should lay eggs and that workers shouldn't reproduce? Evolutionary biologists have now found a completely unexpected answer: one single gene called insulin-like peptide 2.
  • Pluto should be reclassified as a planet, experts say
    The reason Pluto lost its planet status is not valid, according to new research.
  • Building a better brain-in-a-dish, faster and cheaper
    Researchers report on the development of a new protocol for creating human cortical organoids -- mini-brains derived directly from primary cells that can be used to better explore and understand the real thing.
  • Human gut study questions probiotic health benefits
    New research suggests that probiotics might not be as effective as we think. Through a series of experiments looking inside the human gut, researchers show that many people's digestive tracts prevent standard probiotics from successfully colonizing them.
  • Big game animals must learn to migrate and pass knowledge across generations
    A team of scientists has provided the first empirical evidence that ungulates (hooved mammals) must learn where and when to migrate, and that they maintain their seasonal migrations by passing cultural knowledge across generations.
  • Large wind and solar farms in the Sahara would increase heat, rain, vegetation
    Wind and solar farms are known to have local effects on heat, humidity and other factors that may be beneficial -- or detrimental -- to the regions in which they are situated. A new climate-modeling study finds that a massive wind and solar installation in the Sahara Desert and neighboring Sahel would increase local temperature, precipitation and vegetation. Overall, the researchers report, the effects would likely benefit the region.
  • Galactic 'wind' stifling star formation is most distant yet seen
    For the first time, a powerful 'wind' of molecules has been detected in a galaxy located 12 billion light-years away. Probing a time when the universe was less than 10 percent of its current age, astronomers sheds light on how the earliest galaxies regulated the birth of stars to keep from blowing themselves apart.

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